Data for the years 2021 & 2022 are preliminary. Due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, data for the year 2020 should be interpreted with caution.
COVID-19 disruptions in HIV diagnosis, care and reporting of deaths during 2020 have also made incidence, prevalence, and knowledge of status estimates derived from a CD4-based model, unreliable. Therefore, a 2020 edition of the HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report “Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the U.S.”, which provides data on estimated incidence, prevalence, and knowledge of status in the U.S., was not published by CDC.

Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) | AHEAD


Learn more about the terminology used in the Ending the HIV Epidemic in the U.S. (EHE) initiative.

Click on a term to view its definition.

Social Determinants of Health (SDOH)

Social determinants of health are conditions in the places where people are born, live, learn, work, and play that affect health outcomes and overall quality of life. SDOH often drive health inequities, leading to health disparities in and among already vulnerable populations and communities. Healthy People 2030 categorizes SDOH into five domains:

  • Economic stability
  • Education access and quality
  • Health care access and quality
  • Neighborhood and built environment
  • Social and community context