Learn more about the terminology used in the Ending the HIV Epidemic in the U.S. (EHE) initiative.

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Click on a term to view its definition.

Social Determinants of Health (SDOH)

Social determinants of health are conditions in the places where people are born, live, learn, work, and play that affect health outcomes and overall quality of life. SDOH often drive health inequities, leading to health disparities in and among already vulnerable populations and communities. Healthy People 2030 categorizes SDOH into five domains:

  • Economic stability
  • Education access and quality
  • Health care access and quality
  • Neighborhood and built environment
  • Social and community context